Wahed Invest Ltd Client Agreement
These are our standard client agreement terms and conditions (“Terms”), and it sets out the basis on which Wahed Invest Ltd (“Wahed”) provides you with its discretionary investment management service, and Wealthkernel Limited (the “Custodian”) provides custody, execution and settlement services. References to “we”, “us”, or “our” are references to Wahed. “Client”, “you” and “your” refer to any person operating or intending to operate an account with us.
These Terms are split into sections, in which Section 1 deals with matters specific to Wahed’s services to you, Section 2 deals with matters specific to WealthKernel’s services to you, and Section 3 deals with general matters between you and us.
It is important you read these Terms carefully before making any investments, because we will rely on them in all our dealings with you. You should also print off a hard copy, and then keep it safe for future reference.
Section 1: Wahed Invest Ltd
This section sets out the basis on which Wahed is carrying on managing investments for you.
Wahed Invest Ltd is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (Reference number: 833225).
Wahed provides a service whereby Wahed will manage your investments on a discretionary basis. This means that Wahed manages your investment portfolio in accordance with an agreed investment mandate. This mandate will be explained to you in your Personal Investment Report, made available to you through the App after you sign up. Wahed delegates out the Investment Management to a third party called WealthKernel Ltd, but Wahed will remain overall responsible to the client and the subject for any complaints.
Using Wahed’s App, you will provide personal information so Wahed can first determine if investing is suitable for you. If you are suitable, Wahed will allow you to proceed forward with opening an account. You must answer yourself and to the best of your ability to ensure Wahed’s service is suitable for you.
You will be asked to pick one portfolio (investment mandate) from a selection of options.
Wahed Invest does not provide regulated advice
Please note that Wahed does not provide advice on investments. If you have any questions regarding your investments, including the risks associated with investing in a particular product or market, you should consider seeking independent advice from a suitably qualified professional advisor. This might include, but may not be limited to, financial advice, investment, legal and tax advice. Wahed cannot give you any investment, legal, taxation or other advice in connection with your investments. Wahed will only assess whether or not you are suitable for Wahed’s service. If you are unsure or feel that your needs go beyond the scope of the service, Wahed recommends that you seek independent financial advice.
What is Wahed’s discretion when managing your investments?
Wahed will manage your assets, on a discretionary basis, in accordance with your investment mandate Report and these Terms. This means that Wahed will, normally acting as your agent, have discretion in respect of your portfolio to enter into any kind of transaction on your behalf, in line with your agreed investment mandate, using a broker or agent if Wahed chooses.
Wahed also has the right to change your investments should circumstances change, for example you withdraw your money so that what is left is not sufficient to justify the strategy being used. Wahed may also exercise this right if the nature of your investments change to the point they no longer match with the requirements of your investment mandate.
Every 12 months Wahed will contact you to make sure the service is still suitable. In the event that this is not the case, Wahed may recommend an alternative investment selection, or that you close your account with Wahed. Furthermore, Wahed reserves the right to stop managing your investments on a discretionary basis.
If Wahed finds that investing with us is not suitable for you, Wahed reserves the right to exit you from Wahed’s system. Wahed will explain why this happened and offer you a way to resolve the issue.
Conflict of Interests
Wahed will always endeavour to act in your best interests as Wahed’s client. However, circumstances can arise where Wahed or one of Wahed’s other clients may have some form of interest in business being transacted for you. If this happens or Wahed becomes aware that Wahed’s interests or those of one of Wahed’s other client’s conflict with your interests, Wahed will act in accordance with its Conflicts of Interest policy (a copy of this is available upon request).
Wahed has a compliance department which is responsible for ensuring that Wahed’s control structures and procedures are adequate to ensure compliance with all relevant laws, regulations, codes and practices relating to Wahed’s business activities. Wahed are committed to operating in the best interests of Wahed’s clients and managing conflicts of interest fairly. Where there is a conflict of interests, Wahed will not knowingly deal unless Wahed has taken reasonable steps to ensure fair treatment for its clients.
Wahed FTSE USA Shariah ETP
Wahed has discretion to include within your investment portfolio investment product(s) which are managed and/or advised by Wahed or an affiliate of Wahed. Specifically, Wahed FTSE USA Shariah ETP is an Exchange Traded Note or ETN (as defined below) which invests in Wahed FTSE USA Shariah ETF, as the underlying reference asset of its investment strategy. Inclusion of Wahed FTSE USA Sharia ETP within your investment portfolio can create a potential conflict of interest due to (i) the relationship of Wahed’s affiliate, Wahed Invest LLC as the investment adviser of Wahed FTSE USA Shariah ETF and (ii) the fund fees borne by Wahed FTSE USA Shariah ETP as an investor in Wahed FTSE USA Shariah ETF, a portion of which are retained by Wahed’s affiliate, Wahed Invest LLC. Whilst Wahed has determined that inclusion of the Wahed FTSE Sharia ETP in investment portfolios is in the best interests of clients, and mitigates any potential conflict of interest by limiting the portion of it in such portfolios, the appearance of a conflict of interest may persist. Please note, the Wahed is not the issuer, sponsor nor investment manager of the Wahed FTSE USA Shariah ETP, nor does it receive a direct fee from Wahed FTSE USA Sharia ETP.
In providing its discretionary investment management service to you, Wahed may decide at its discretion whether or not to procure the exercise of any voting rights attached to your investments. Wahed shall be entitled to exercise such rights at Wahed’s discretion, provided that Wahed is in compliance with Wahed’s conflicts of interest policy, which can be found in Wahed’s regulatory FAQs in the web portal.
Wahed is committed to providing you its discretionary management service with reasonable skill, care and diligence under these Terms. As long as Wahed does this, Wahed cannot and does not accept any liability for loss (or loss of an opportunity to gain) which arises from the exercise of Wahed’s discretionary investment management for and on your behalf.
Please note Wahed does not provide, nor does Wahed accept responsibility for, legal, tax or accounting advice. Wahed also does not accept liability for an action, or failure to act, by your Custodian, as this is the responsibility of the Custodian.
Please note, however, that despite the above, Wahed does not limit or exclude Wahed’s liability for fraud or death or personal injury as a result of Wahed’s negligence or that of Wahed’s employees.
Wahed will always honour your statutory rights. After agreeing to invest with Wahed, you are still entitled to cancel your investment for up to 14 calendar days after having opened your account (the ‘cancellation period’). This is done by sending Wahed written notice of the cancellation to firstname.lastname@example.org.
If you cancel your investment within the cancellation period, Wahed will sell your investments and return the money from any sale to you. Wahed will sell your investments within two business days (on which the relevant markets are open) of receiving your cancellation instruction, subject to circumstances beyond Wahed’s control.
Please be aware that if the value of your investment(s) has fallen you will not get back the full amount you invested. You will also be liable for any costs Wahed has to pay on your behalf in order to sell the investments.
You or Wahed may terminate Wahed’s discretionary management service at any time, without penalty. If you wish to terminate the services, you must notify Wahed in writing by email to email@example.com, and termination will take effect from the date of receipt.
Please note that if and when Wahed’s services are terminated, unless Wahed agrees with you otherwise, Wahed will sell your investments and return the money it receives as a result to you. Subject to circumstances beyond Wahed control, Wahed will sell your investments within two business days (on which the relevant markets are open) of receiving your termination notice/ Wahed’s decision to exit you from Wahed system.
If the value of your investment(s) has fallen you will not get back the full amount you invested. Also, please be aware that Wahed offers no refunds for payments already made to Wahed.
How do you keep track of investments and performance?
A statement showing the composition and initial value of your portfolio is provided in the portfolio section on the web portal. When you instruct Wahed to start providing Wahed’s discretionary management service, Wahed will acknowledge its instructions to you in writing, usually by email.
Wahed will report to you at least every three months with valuations of your investments, so that you can see how they are performing. In order to help you assess the success of your investments, Wahed will also include in these reports a comparison against a suitable benchmark.
Unless Wahed informs you otherwise, the benchmark Wahed uses is the Consumer Price Index.
Section 2: WealthKernel
Who Handles Your Money and Investments?
By opening an account with Wahed you will automatically become a customer of WealthKernel, who acts as your custodian and ISA Manager, and provides settlement and execution services. Therefore, when you open an account with us, you not only agree to our Terms, but you also agree to WealthKernel’s Terms and Conditions set out below.
WealthKernel Retail Client Terms and Conditions, click here.
WealthKernel ISA Manager Terms and Conditions, click here.
Section 3: General obligations
What are your obligations?
To enable us to provide you with a proper service, we require you to do the following for us:
1. Agree with each of Sections 1-3 of these Terms. Please note that we reserve the right to replace your custodian in the future with another custodian.
2. Confirm that you have not supplied us with information in your suitability questionnaire or otherwise which is inaccurate or misleading;
3. Notify us promptly of any change to the information supplied by you to us;
4. Supply us with all information, documentation or copy documentation that we require in order to allow us to carry out our account opening procedures;
5. Provide us with any additional information which may be reasonably required in order that we can fulfil our legal, regulatory and contractual obligations;
6. Confirm that the investments and cash within your account portfolio are within your complete ownership and free from all liens, charges and any other encumbrances;
7. Not, except through us, deal, or authorise anyone else to deal in the investments in your account; and
8. Undertake to sign and/or produce, by the time we ask you to, any documents we need to enable us to carry out our duties on your behalf.
Non-UK and UK residents
In order for us to provide you with our services, you must have a UK Bank account. The address which you provide us when signing up to our services will be your permanent residential address for Tax residency purposes. We do not offer advice on your tax circumstances; therefore, we recommend you speak to an independent tax advisor if you are unsure.
Minimum deposit to open an account
You must invest a minimum amount of £50 to open an account.
We fully disclose our fees to you in monetary and percentage terms in your Personal Investment Report. They are also available for review at all times under the portfolio section online. We calculate and collect fees monthly based on the value of the amalgamated portfolios on the last day of the month (close of business). The fees charged will be at least the minimum monthly fee of £2.99 or 0.49% per annum for amalgamated portfolios greater than £10,000. We will only take the fees from one of your portfolios if you have more than one portfolio. We will only charge you our fees (separate to the Fund Provider fees: the fees charged by the providers of the underlying funds in your portfolio) if your portfolio is at a higher valuation than £50.
Our aligned fee structure is only applicable on new capital invested. We reserve the right to void this structure if we suspect a customer is purposefully withdrawing and reinvesting funds to take advantage of the system.
Please note that it is possible that taxes or costs may exist in addition to those which we pay or impose.
The anti-money laundering regulations require us to verify your identity, to gather information as to the purpose and nature of the business which we conduct on your behalf, and to ensure that the information we hold is up-to-date. We use electronic identity verification systems, at the beginning and throughout our relationship with you. This means your personal information will be shared with third parties, i.e. the relevant agencies who operate the identity verification systems. In addition, we will verify the validity of your bank account information and this will involve us sharing your personal and financial information with 3rd party providers. Their services compare your data against: bank account data, electoral roll, UK Companies House (and this includes the bankruptcy and insolvency register and database of disqualified directors), and other publicly available information such as media reports. Please note that we cannot provide our services to you until you have passed our initial and ongoing anti money laundering checks.
How will we communicate?
We will communicate with you in English by email. You may communicate with us in English by email, in accordance with procedures notified to you by us (including security procedures and use of passwords).
You accept that we are deemed to have received any email correspondence at the time we access it. You accept that there may be a delay in responding to correspondence received via email. You also acknowledge and accept the risks inherent in email, particularly of its unauthorised interception and of its not reaching the intended recipient.
Although we take all reasonable care to ensure all electronic communications and attachments we send to you are free from any known virus or bug, we will not be responsible for any loss or damage resulting from any attack by a third party on our systems, any computer virus or any other malicious or technologically harmful material that may infect your computer equipment, computer programs, data or other material due to your use of our service
We will communicate with a third party, who you authorise, at the address(es) you notify to us in writing. As long as we act reasonably you authorise us to rely on instructions by whatever means transmitted which appear or purport to be sent by you or a third party authorised by you.
We may record and monitor conversations we have with you, and we will keep a record of all communications for as long as required by law or we feel appropriate.
Communication by someone not signed up to these Terms
If you authorise us to accept the instructions of a person not signed up to this agreement, such as your Introducer, we will do so until we receive notice to the contrary from you. The same rules (set out under “How will we communicate”, above) apply to instructions received from this authorised person as they do to instructions received from you and you must ensure that your authorised third party complies with these rules.
When may we not act on your instructions?
We reserve the right not to act on your instructions if:
- to do so may involve us or you in a breach of legal and/or regulatory requirements; or
- we believe on reasonable grounds that to do so would be impracticable or against your interests; or
- to do so would run the risk of us suffering financial loss.
We will endeavour to advise you promptly if such circumstances arise.
We will treat you as a retail client. This means that you will have the highest level of protection under the rules made by the Financial Conduct Authority (the “FCA Rules”). You will also have the right to take any complaint which you cannot settle with us to the Financial Ombudsman Service. You may at any time ask us to re-categorise you as a professional client, but it is not our general policy to re-categorise retail clients and we can reject your request if we feel that you do not meet the requirements of a Professional Client. When we refer to the FCA and the FCA Rules, we also mean any regulator which may replace the FCA and the rules it may make to regulate our business.
Wahed Invest Ltd and the Custodian are members of the Financial Services Compensation Scheme which provides customer protection of up to £85,000 per person per firm, if Wahed Invest Ltd or the Custodian is declared in default. This doesn't cover losses incurred through investment performance.
Further details of the Financial Services Compensation Scheme are available from:
Financial Services Compensation Scheme
PO Box 300
We are committed to providing you with a first-class service. If anything does go wrong, we aim to put it right quickly and efficiently. If we cannot resolve a problem immediately, we will contact you to tell you what we are doing about it. If you wish to complain about any aspect of our service, please contact us by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org and we will provide you with a summary of our complaints process and procedures.
If we do not deal with your complaint to your satisfaction, you can refer it to the Financial Ombudsman Service, whose contact details are:
Financial Ombudsman Service
London E14 9SR
Telephone: 0800 023 4567
This does not prevent you from taking legal proceedings.
Who regulates us?
Wahed is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (“FCA”), 12 Endeavour Square, London, E20 1JN. Our address is 87-89 Baker St, London W1U 6RJ. Our Financial Services Register number is 833225, and the full FCA Register is available on the FCA’s website www.fca.gov.uk/register or by contacting the FCA on 0800 111 6768.
We are authorised by the FCA for, and our main business concerns, managing investments, as well as arranging savings and investment products.
What are the specific risks of the products you are investing in?
It is very important to us that you understand the risks involved when making an investment. As such, in addition to our general description of the relevant risks we set out in our terms and conditions and Personal Investment Report, we set out here the risks of investing in the different types of asset we may select for you:
Please note that the value of your investments can fall as well as rise and you may not get back the full amount you invested. The price and value of investments may depend on fluctuations in the financial markets, or other economic factors, which are outside our control. Past performance is not necessarily a guide to future performance.
Bonds and other fixed income investments have the following risks:
● the price of bonds can go down as well as up, for example the price of bonds tends to fall when interest rates rise;
● if the proceeds from holding bonds are reinvested in bonds, the new bonds may not provide as large an investment return as the previous bond;
● the interest or profit rate provided by bonds can be fixed, in which case you may receive a return that does not keep up with inflation;
● if the provider of the bond becomes insolvent or otherwise unable to pay its debts, then the bond may become valueless; and
● there is the risk, if selling a bond back into the marketplace, that there is difficulty finding someone willing to buy it, lowering the value of the bond.
Company equity (also called company shares) has the following specific risks:
● share prices can go down as well as up – this is particularly so for smaller companies, as the combination of both less shares and less buyers of those shares means the share price can change more rapidly;
● dividend growth is not guaranteed, nor are companies obliged to pay a dividend to you as an investor;
● companies may go insolvent rendering the shares you hold valueless;
● the market for equity may decline in value;
● the company’s earnings and financial markets generally may be volatile; and
● for smaller companies, shares may not obtain their full value on sale if there is difficulty finding a buyer for those shares.
Exchange Traded Products (ETPs): are securities traded on a stock exchange which aim to provide the same returns as a specified benchmark or asset (before fees). ETPs are typically divided into three categories, exchange traded funds (ETFs), exchange traded commodities (ETCs) and exchange traded notes (ETNs).
ETPs have the following specific risks:
- Market Risks - ETPs replicate the price movement of their underlying benchmark or asset, so their performance is affected by the volatility of their underlying markets.
- Tracking Difference - the structure and cost of an ETP means it may not track its underlying exactly.
- Tax - as with the majority of investments, ETPs will usually incur some form of taxation. You should obtain your own independent tax advice.
- Costs - all ETPs incur costs, whether internal costs (related to the product) or external costs (incurred in trading the product).
- Currency - any investment involving a non-local currency may be affected by exchange rate fluctuations (unless the product incorporates a currency hedge).
- Credit Risk - like debt securities, an investor is subject to the credit risk of the financial institution which is the issuer or underwriter of an ETC or ETN.
- Liquidity Risk - ETPs such as ETCs and ETNs are less liquid than ETFs and they may also contain holding-period risk. As with other ETPs, there is no guarantee a secondary market will be made or maintained.
A physical gold ETC issues metal securities which are listed on a stock exchange and can therefore be bought and sold any time the market is open. Each metal security is backed by a specific quantity of the underlying commodity (i.e. gold), which is stored in a designated vault where it is reserved for the physical gold ETC and segregated from the general stock of metal stored in that vault.
Physical gold ETC have the the following specific risks:
- the price of metal securities issued by the ETC is affected by a number of factors that are not in the control of the ETC, such as the value and volatility of the underlying metal, market perception and the liquidity in the metal securities on the stock exchange;
- the value of the metal security might be calculated by the ETC in a different currency to the currency of the underlying metal, which can cause your investment to lose value;
- the price at which the metal securities trade on a stock exchange may not reflect the value of the underlying metal; and
- metal markets can suffer from market disruption or volatility caused by shortages of physical metal.
Overseas investments: these have the risk that they are priced in a currency other than pound sterling (this being the currency of your initial investment). If the exchange rate between pound sterling and other overseas currency changes, such that the same value of overseas currency is worth less pounds sterling, this will cause your investment to lose value. Conversely, the opposite may happen, in which case there will be an increase in the value of your investment. Please note that the effect of investing overseas is separate to and in addition to the actual investment itself.
Investments in emerging markets: have, in addition to the risks involved in investing overseas, significant political, regulatory and economic risks. These may differ in kind and degree from the risks presented by investments in the world’s major markets. These investments have a greater risk of a sudden fall in value, for example if there is difficulty selling them, or as a result of governmental interference.
Please note that there may be other risks in addition to those outlined above in relation to your investment, and there may be further risks that arise in the future.
If any of the risks outlined above are unclear or if you would like to discuss the risks you face in further detail, please let us know by sending an email to email@example.com
Changing or replacing these Terms
We may make changes to these Terms for the following valid reasons:
- Changes to relevant law or regulation, or a decision of the Financial Ombudsman Service.
- Changes to the way we are taxed (including the requirement to pay any government or regulatory levy), or you and your product are taxed.
- Changes required by any regulatory or tax authority or industry guidance or codes of practice.
- Changes in the way investment markets work, including changes in investment/securities dealing or administration which may affect your account.
- To make the Terms easier to understand and any other changes that are not detrimental to you.
- If it becomes impossible or impractical, in our reasonable opinion, to carry out any of the Terms as a result of circumstances beyond our reasonable control.
- To reflect changes to our services or the manner in which we provide them to you.
- To reflect changes to the level of charges applicable to your account.
- To reflect changes to the range of investments we make available to you from time to time.
- To reflect improvements to our online service that technological, service or propositional enhancements have allowed us to make.
Changes to these Terms which are due to reasons outside our control (e.g. changes in legislation) or are not detrimental to you (e.g. improvements to the service we are able to offer you) will take effect immediately and we will notify you at the next appropriate opportunity. We will not be liable to you for any failure or delay in performing our obligations under the Terms if such failure or delay is due to any cause outside our reasonable control. Events outside our reasonable control include, but are not limited to:
- Acts of God, fire, earthquake, storm or flood.
- Explosion, nuclear accident or collision.
- Sabotage, riot, civil disobedience, strikes, terrorism.
- Epidemic, national emergency (whether in law or fact), or act of war.
- Any change to the law or regulation of a governmental or regulatory body.
- Market conditions affecting the execution or settlement of transactions in respect of your account.
- Any targeted network attack or interruption of the internet or other telecommunications service.
- Loss of supply of essential services including electrical power and third-party services.
- Any other cause beyond our reasonable control which prevents us administering your account for a given period of time.
Otherwise, we will write and tell you about any material changes at least thirty (30) days before a change becomes effective and where this is reasonably possible. If it is not, we will write to you at the earliest opportunity after the change has taken place.
Unless we agree specifically in writing otherwise, all transfers into and out of your account will be in cash and payments by you will be by debit card, direct debit or bank transfer to us.
If you the client are more than one person
Each of you will be jointly responsible for complying with your obligations, and each of you bear full liability for any breach of these obligations. Any notice given to any of you will be deemed to be given to all of you, and we may act on the instructions of any of you.
If you die
We will suspend taking instructions in relation to your estate. This means that we will continue to manage your account in accordance with any instructions you have given us so far. We also reserve the right to exercise our absolute discretion to make payments to HMRC to help you deal with inheritance tax. Otherwise, we will only take further instructions once we have been presented with a valid grant of representation from a court.
Assignment is prohibited
You may not assign or transfer any of your rights or responsibilities in relation to your account with us.
Only parties to this contract may enforce it
Unless and to the extent we agree otherwise in writing, a person who is not a party to these Terms shall have no right under the Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999 to enforce any of its terms.
Closing prohibited Comment
These Terms apply to all investments you make with us, and provide information about the way in which we provide our services to you. The law of England and Wales governs these Terms and your account with us and any matters or disputes related to these Terms will be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales. Our Terms are in English as will be all communications between us.
If you have any questions or something doesn’t make sense, please let us know by emailing us at: firstname.lastname@example.org. Unless we agree otherwise in writing, these Terms apply to all services we provide to you and any associated work.
Please contact us by emailing email@example.com in case of questions about our processing of personal data, or about these Terms generally.
It is important to us that you understand and are happy with these Terms and your Personal Investment Report. If you have any questions or something doesn’t make sense please let us know by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org. Unless we agree otherwise in writing, these Terms and your Personal Investment Report apply to all services we provide to you and any associated work.
If you are happy with these Terms, please can you indicate below that you consent to be bound by them (your consent to these Terms may also be recorded by your electronic confirmation). We need this consent before we can provide you with our discretionary management service.
Please note that by agreeing to these Terms:
● You acknowledge receipt of these Terms and that these Terms apply to investments you make with us.
● You acknowledge that you have read these Terms carefully.
● You elect not to receive information on every transaction we execute on your behalf, but rather to receive our reports every three months (unless we have agreed otherwise).
● Agree that your Personal Investment Report is accurate and a fair description of your financial situation, and to be bound by its requirements.
● You authorise the transfer of information, on a confidential basis, as required under these Terms, between third parties.
● You confirm that you have read, understood and agree to our best execution policy (available in our FAQs section on the website).
● You confirm that you have read, understood and agree to our conflicts of interest policies.
● You specifically consent to being provided information regarding our service through our website.
- You confirm that you are a UK resident, and that the address you provided us when signing up to our services is your permanent residential address for tax residency purposes.
- You have fully understood the risks inherent in Wahed’s investment products and have been given the opportunity to ask any questions regarding such investment products.