🏠 100% Mortgages - A Trojan Horse for Predatory Lending

Published on
May 15, 2023

Skipton Building Society, a leading lender in the UK has recently announced plans to launch a 100% mortgage product aimed at first-time buyers, who struggle to save for a deposit. In a cost-of-living crisis, you can be forgiven for viewing this as a generous and appealing offer at first glance.

However, there are some hidden dangers with this that warrant further scrutiny…

In this article, we will explore the dark side of 100% mortgages and draw parallels between this new mortgage product and the events leading up to the 2008 financial crisis.

📣 It is worth noting that this product is entirely interest-based and therefore prohibited in Islam. Check out our previous article where we talk about this a little more. However, we still feel it is an important topic to discuss as it signals what we feel is an important change in the UK real estate market, which affects us all.

The Allure of 100% Mortgages

For first-time homebuyers, the prospect of securing a mortgage without having to save for a deposit can be incredibly attractive. The rising cost of living and skyrocketing property prices have made it increasingly difficult for many people to save enough money for a down payment.

A 100% mortgage product appears to offer a solution to this problem by providing a way for aspiring homeowners to get on the property ladder without having to save for years in advance. It’s also attractive for homeowners who want to aspire for a more expensive home but have been priced out by the deposit requirements.

Despite the initial appeal, 100% mortgages come with their own set of risks and potential pitfalls.

Negative Equity

100% mortgages come with an increased likelihood of negative equity. With no deposit, homeowners start with zero equity in their property. If house prices fall, these homeowners may find themselves in a situation where their outstanding mortgage balance exceeds the value of their home, known as negative equity.

Negative equity can have serious consequences for homeowners by making it difficult to sell or remortgage their property. This creates a financial trap that can be difficult to escape.

Banks Are Not Your Friends

Banks don’t take decisions based on client welfare, they and other lending institutions are businesses with their own financial objectives. While it may seem that offering 100% mortgages is a benevolent gesture to help aspiring homeowners, lenders ultimately make these decisions with profit in mind.

By providing loans with no down payment, banks can attract a larger customer base who perhaps shouldn’t be accessing these loans in the first place. Banks can also potentially charge higher interest rates to compensate for the increased risk associated with these mortgages.

Halifax, a major UK bank, recently rejected a mortgage application. This is due to the homeowner hosting Ukrainian refugees, citing concerns over potential future commercial gain. Despite the homeowner's assurances, the bank only reconsidered after media scrutiny.

This example underscores that banks prioritise their own interests and that consumers should be cautious when evaluating their products.

Fuels Consumerism

The concept of 100% mortgages fuels consumerism and encourages individuals to purchase homes that may be beyond their means. It can create an illusion of affordability, enticing potential homeowners to make hasty decisions without fully considering the long-term financial implications.

This phenomenon is similar to the rise of "Buy Now, Pay Later" (BNPL) schemes, which allow consumers to make purchases and defer payments, often leading to excessive spending and unmanageable debt.

Exacerbates the Housing Crisis

The point of 100% mortgages is to help first-time buyers get on to the property ladder. The reason they need this help is due to rising cost-of-living but also the state of the housing market and rising property prices.

100% mortgages contribute to and worsen existing housing market crises. By making it easier for individuals to enter the housing market without a deposit, these mortgage products can inadvertently increase demand for homes, which in turn may drive up property prices.

In areas where housing supply is already limited, the introduction of 100% mortgages can further exacerbate affordability issues, making it even more challenging for first-time buyers and lower-income individuals to secure a home.

Parallels with the 2008 Financial Crisis

The 2008 financial crisis was caused, in part, by risky lending practices and the proliferation of subprime mortgages. Lenders had offered mortgages to borrowers with poor credit histories and little to no down payment, often at adjustable interest rates that skyrocketed after an initial low-rate period.

As house prices dropped and interest rates increased, many borrowers found themselves unable to meet their mortgage payments and in negative equity, leading to a wave of foreclosures and the eventual collapse of the housing market.

While the current economic climate and regulatory environment are not identical to those leading up to the 2008 financial crisis, the reintroduction of 100% mortgages does raise concerns about a potential repeat of history. A surge in high-risk lending practices could expose both borrowers and the wider financial system to increased instability and potential crises.

Conclusion

While 100% mortgages may seem like a generous and accessible solution for first-time homebuyers struggling to save for a deposit, the hidden dangers associated with this type of lending cannot be ignored. It’s concerning to see that lessons haven’t been learned from the 2008 financial crisis and this underlines why the economy needs fundamental change.

Enter Islamic Finance; a true alternative to the current status quo based on the principles of fairness, transparency and justice.

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As with any investment, a Wahed Invest Ltd investment puts your money at risk, as the value of your investment can go down as well as up. The tax treatment of your investment will depend on your individual circumstances and may change in the future. If you are unsure about whether investing is right for you, please seek expert financial advice.

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